Wednesday, July 13, 2011

The Chronology of the Flood: The Final Months - Genesis 8:13-19 Bible Commentary

Now it came about in the six hundred and first year, in the first month, on the first of the month, the water was dried up from the earth. (Genesis 8:13)
On New Years Day, about 1657 years after the creation of the world, the water which had once filled the entire earth dried up from the earth. The phrase dried up from the earth likely refers to a general drying of the earth, but not a total drying of the earth— this can be inferred from the next verse:
In the second month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, the earth was dry. (Genesis 8:14)
Why is it repeated again, one month and twenty-seven days later, that the earth was dry? While this could just be repetition, it seems more likely that Genesis 8:14 is stating that the water was finally completely dried up. Why? Because two different Hebrew words are used— in Genesis 8:13, one word is used for "dried up"— but in Genesis 8:14 a different word is used for "dry".

Regarding Genesis 8:14, John Gill writes that the water had dried up from the earth...
so that it was fit to walk upon, and was become commodious {|adequate, convenient|} both for man and beast: a different word from that in the preceding verse is here used for "dry", this being a different kind, or, however, a greater degree of dryness than the other. (John Gill's Exposition of the Bible, Genesis 8:14)
Starting on the twenty-seventh day of the second month, it must have taken at least a week to unload the ark in an orderly manner (it took Noah a week to load the ark, Genesis 7:10).

Take a look at the chronology of the flood graphic below in order to see the complete chronology of the flood.

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Related Posts:
State of the World (2349 BC): The Flood - Genesis 7:11
The First Sight Of The Post-Flood World - Genesis 8:5
Righteous Men of the Pre-Flood World - Genesis 4:26
Evidence for a Global Flood: Water Above The Mountains - Genesis 7:19-20

Chronology of the Flood Genesis Timeline Graphic

To view a larger version of this graphic click here.

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