Friday, October 22, 2010

The Birth of Seth - Genesis 4:25

Just as Eve's response to Cain's birth is recorded in Scripture (Genesis 4:1), so Eve's response to Seth's birth is also recorded in Scripture:
Adam had relations with his wife again; and she gave birth to a son, and named him Seth, for, she said, "God has appointed me another offspring in place of Abel, for Cain killed him." (Genesis 4:25)
This is the last verse in Scripture which directly quotes the mother of all the living (Genesis 3:20). Eve's words show her recognition of God's sovereignty. There are many statements which Eve could have made— she could have boasted and proclaimed, "I have bore another offspring," but instead Eve said, "God has appointed me another offspring". If only every man was just as quick to recognize that every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above! (James 1:17)

After the fall, Eve's words are quoted twice, but Adam is not quoted at all. Simply put, the book of Genesis contains no clear evidence that Adam returned to God. Unlike Adam, Eve makes two short statements in Genesis 4 which seem to indicate that she returned to God— at Cain's birth she recognized that she was dependent upon God, and at Seth's birth she recognized God's sovereignty.

Abel (the righteous one) had been killed by Cain, so Eve saw Seth as a replacement for Abel. In the midst of a divided family, Eve bowed in submission to the sovereignty of her Creator. Little did Eve realize that her sin which brought havoc upon the universe would find its redemption through a descendant of Seth.

Related Posts:
Righteous Men of the Pre-Flood World - Genesis 4:26
When Was Seth Born? - Genesis 4:25
Cain and Abel: Two Routes - Genesis 4:1-2
The Fall: No Repentance - The Christian Worldview
The Fall: Merciful Curses - The Christian Worldview


  1. The extrapolation that Adam didn't return to God because there is no record of him speaking is just that, an incorrect extrapolation. In Gen 5:3 we read: "When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth."
    This shows that Adam was indeed a God fearing prophet, otherwise, for the scripture to say Seth was his image and likeness would indicate that Seth was just like his father, a man that didn't return to God. However, Seth is consider a righteous man that filled Abel void. Therefore the logic of the above article is incorrect.

  2. Another problem with that article is to assume that Eve didn't know that there would be a Savior from her lineage. You can see that in Genesis God indicates that the seed of the woman would crush the head of the enemy (Gen 3:14 "between your offspring and hers; he will crush[b] your head...”). In other words, there would be one in the seed of the woman that would defeat Satan, and that's the descendant of Seth. Again there needs to be a better analysis of what you publish because this is false doctrine.