After Adam had finished blaming God for his sinful state, God did not first curse Adam or Eve, but Satan. While it seems unlikely that this was the first time Satan had been cursed, it would venture into mere speculation to discuss what God may have told Satan after his rebellion in heaven. Nonetheless, here the book of Genesis gives the account of the curse which God placed upon Satan. The curse appears to have two possible audiences: the serpent and Satan himself.
The LORD God said to the serpent,Commentators have many opinions as to which parts of the curse apply to the snake and which parts apply to Satan. Generally, the many differing opinions can be split into two groups: those who believe that some of the curse applies the serpent and some of the curse applies to Satan, and those who believe that the curse applies exclusively to Satan.
"Because you have done this,
Cursed are you more than all cattle,
And more than every beast of the field;
On your belly you will go,
And dust you will eat
All the days of your life;
And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall bruise you on the head,
And you shall bruise him on the heel.
If the animal species of serpents was cursed above all cattle, why would Jesus command the twelve disciples to be shrewd as serpents and innocent as doves (Matthew 10:16)? However, neither would it make complete sense to refer to Satan as a beast of the field. There is also some question as to whether to apply the following statement to Satan or to the serpent: on your belly you will go. It could, of course, apply to Satan's degraded position, but others believe that it indicates that serpents had legs before the fall.
However, one thing can definitely be agreed upon concerning this curse: a promise is made. Adam and Eve sinned— so what did God do? He cursed Satan. He promised that man would bruise Satan on the head. The only man to strike a fatal blow to the head of Satan is Jesus Christ. And so the first mention of the Messiah to come occurs just after the fall. In the middle of all the chaos at the beginning of creation, God already had a plan. A plan which He knew He would put into action before He created the world: Salvation through the cross.
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